False or Suspended Ceiling Detail
False ceiling is arranged underneath the roof slab on suspended supports. It enhances the visual appearance of residential and commercial buildings.
False ceilings offer thermal insulation with formation of an air gap among the soffit and the false ceiling. They minimize the air volume of a room and consequently the air-conditioning load. Therefore, the air-conditioning requirement is minimized that leads to reduction of electricity bills.
Types of False Ceilings
Depending on the applications, materials, appearance and perceptibility, false ceilings are categorized as follow :-
- Gypsum Ceiling
- Plaster of Paris Ceiling
- Fiber Ceiling
- Wooden Ceiling
- Glass Ceiling
- Metal Ceiling
- Synthetic Leather or Cloth Ceiling
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Gypsum False Ceiling
Gypsum false ceiling stands for a hydrated sulfate of calcium. It is lightweight, sound insulated, fire proof, soft and thermally insulated.
Gypsum false ceiling is available as square boards forms which are suspended by iron framework. This type of false ceiling is finished with paint, laminate, wallpaper and texture to improve the appearance.
Plaster of Paris Ceiling
Plaster of Paris (POP) is commonly utilized for building up false ceiling. POP is produced by heating gypsum to a specific degree.
Plaster of Paris false ceiling is long lasting. They are good insulators of heat and cold.
POP ceiling conceals the members of structure as well as ventilation ducts and conduits.
Fiber False Ceiling
Fiber false ceiling are in high demand for the construction of false ceiling due to low cost and east installation. The material used to manufacture fiber ceiling panels are man made by synthetic and natural minerals. As these are man-made they come in many shapes and sizes.
Wooden False Ceiling
Wooden false ceiling is gaining popularity for it's natural textures and pattern. Wooden false ceiling is expensive and so it should not be applied in malls and hospitals but should be set up in residential buildings.
Glass False Ceiling
Now-a-days, glass false ceiling is extensively used. It stands for a non-crystalline material with brittle and transparent features. But it can be customized to change it to non brittle and non-transparent with some admixtures.
Since glass is a strong insulator of heat, it is ideal for false ceiling. This type of false ceiling enhances the aesthetical look of the building.
Due to its longevity and rigidity, metal is widely applied in the false ceiling. The materials of metals are galvanized iron and aluminum. This type of ceiling is cost-effective due to their smooth installation process and accessibility. The concealed elements of the structure are easily obtained since the panels can be easily detached and reattached. The construction cost is reduced since the installation, fixing and maintenance cost is low.
Synthetic Leather or Cloth Ceiling
The leather or cloth is mainly utilized in the this type of ceilings. Because both the used materials are artificial they can take any form, shape and design which enhance the inner aesthetic view of the building.
While these collects dust and contain low light transferring characteristic it is suitable for temporary tents or other temporary buildings.
Benefits of False Ceiling
- It creates a smooth uniform surface to the roof.
- It has good fire resistance capacity because it produces compartmentation.
- False ceiling facilitates acoustical treatment.
- It hides all the non-pleasing components and disguises it from the viewer’s eyes.
- It also conceals the pipelines and the electrical cables running in the room. All the ducts of air-conditioning are concealed under it.
- False ceiling materials can be easily set up and they are inexpensive with regards to conventional roof systems.